NOTE 17 - FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT
The Group’s financial risk management strategy focuses on minimizing the cash flow impacts of volatility in foreign currency exchange rates and metal prices, while maintaining the financial flexibility the Group requires in order to successfully execute the Group’s business strategy.
Due to Constellium’s capital structure and the nature of its operations, the Group is exposed to the following financial risks: (i) market risk including foreign exchange, commodity price and interest rate risks; (ii) credit risk and (iii) liquidity risk.
The Group's financial institution counterparties may require margin calls should the mark-to-market of our derivatives hedging foreign exchange and commodity price risks exceed a pre-agreed contractual limit. With a view to avoiding possible margin calls for significant market movements, the Group enters into derivatives with a large number of financial counterparties and monitors margin requirements on a daily basis. In addition, the Group (i) ensures that financial counterparts hedging transactional exposure are also hedging foreign currency loan and deposit exposures and (ii) holds a significant liquidity buffer in cash or in availability under its various borrowing facilities.
17.1 Market risk
i. Commercial transaction exposures
The Group has agreed to supply a major customer with fabricated metal products from a Euro functional currency entity and to invoice in U.S. Dollars. The Group entered into significant foreign exchange derivatives that matched related highly probable future conversion sales. The Group designates these derivatives for hedge accounting, with a total nominal amount of $248 million and $274 million at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 respectively, with maturities ranging from 2022 to 2025.
The table below details the effect of foreign currency derivatives in the Interim Income Statement and the Interim Statement of Comprehensive Income / (Loss):
|Three months ended June 30,||Six months ended June 30,|
|(in millions of Euros)||Notes||2022||2021||2022||2021|
|Derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting |
|Included in Other gains and losses - net|
|Realized (losses) / gains on foreign currency derivatives - net||6||(2)||(2)||1||(4)|
|Unrealized (losses) / gains on foreign currency derivatives - net (A)||6||(5)||3||(7)||11|
|Derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting |
|Included in Other comprehensive income|
|Unrealized (losses) / gains on foreign currency derivatives - net||(16)||2||(18)||(9)|
|Gains reclassified from cash flow hedge reserve to the Consolidated Income Statement||3||1||3||1|
|Included in Revenue (B)|
Realized losses on foreign currency derivatives - net
|Unrealized (losses) / gains on foreign currency derivatives - net||6||(1)||—||—||—|
(A)Gains or losses on the hedging instruments are expected to offset losses or gains on the underlying hedged forecasted sales that will be reflected in the future when these sales are recognized.
(B)Changes in fair value of derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting are included in Revenue when the related customer invoices have been issued.
The Group does not apply hedge accounting on commodity derivatives and therefore any mark-to-market movements are recognized in Other gains and losses – net.
iii. Commodity margin calls
At June 30, 2022, the margin requirement paid as collateral to counterparties amounted to €2 million which was related to aluminium hedges. At December 31, 2021, there was no margin requirement related to aluminium or any other commodity hedges.
17.2 Liquidity risk and capital management
The liquidity requirements of the overall Company are funded out of the Company's cash or by drawing on available credit facilities. The internal management of liquidity is optimized by means of cash pooling agreements and/or intercompany loans and deposits between the Company’s operating entities and central Treasury.
At June 30, 2022, the borrowing bases for the Pan-U.S. ABL and the French Inventory Facility were €481 million and €100 million, respectively. After deduction of amounts drawn and letters of credit, the Group had €431 million outstanding availability under these revolving credit facilities.
At June 30, 2022, liquidity was €899 million, comprised of €156 million of cash and cash equivalents and €743 million of available undrawn facilities, including the €431 million described above.